DevOps, System Architecture, and Security Consultant. Specializing in AWS, infrastructure management, & scalability.
If you want a system that doesn't require any hardware or infrastructure, then a virtual PBX is the best bet. These systems just use your existing phone numbers (cell phones or whatever) and routes the calls among them.
The big player in this space is http://grasshopper.com/ They have been around for quite awhile and have a lot of features for managing calls. They're well known for their reliability and customer service.
I've also used http://www.ringcentral.com/ and they are very good as well. Never had any issues and they support various softphones and hardware phones as well.
I've also heard about a new up-and-comer https://aircall.io/ - But I know very little about them and they look to still be in beta. But you should definitely try it for comparison.
Most likely yes. GitHub is the de-facto standard for git hosting (public or private). There are very good competitors like BitBucket. But unless you can justify why you need to use a different provider, GitHub is a good choice because everyone you work with will already know how to use it.