The main things you want to look for when determining the best countries to outsource software development to are lower costs, a highly developed IT market, a high-quality educational infrastructure, and the ability to communicate in your preferred language . Once you have figured out what your company’s specific outsourcing needs are, you are ready to start looking for collaborators in the best countries to outsource software development to.
India is probably the first country you think of when you hear the term “outsourcing”, and with good reason. India is the second largest English-speaking country in the world, making it an ideal choice for US or UK employers interested in outsourcing.
Apart from India there are several countries that are good for outsourcing. The Ukrainian government has a strong focus on education that has nourished a thriving tech industry there. Ukraine is also home to the largest number of C++ programmers globally. Other benefits of outsourcing to Ukraine include a time zone that partially overlaps with US and UK times and a similar working culture which prizes challenge and competition. China is home to many of the fastest growing IT companies and produces as many as 4.7 million tech graduates every year. In a hypothetical analysis of countries fit to participate in a “programming Olympics” by HackerRank, China ranked first. First, only 10 million of China’s 1.3 billion residents speak English, presenting a large communication barrier for many international employers. Second, China is known to have lax enforcement on Intellectual Property laws. Over 92% of Filipinos speak English, making the Philippines one of the largest English-speaking populations in the world. This means that while it’s one of the best countries to outsource software development to if you’ve got a simple project in mind, you might want to consider China or Ukraine for more complex projects. Romania offers its citizens access to tuition-free, egalitarian education, which has spurred one of the most diverse tech scenes in Europe. Romanian developers ranked 20th in the world across all HackerRank programming tests.
Romania has invested heavily in its IT infrastructure over the past several years, propelling them to the 18th place on the A. Kearney Global Services Location Index, which ranks countries based on financial attractiveness, skill levels and availability, and overall business environment. And with most developers earning at least three times as much as the average Romanian, this field can draw a steady stream of new and talented workers. Romania also offers other key benefits for employers in western Europe and North America. The time zone offers significant overlap with western Europe and even US time zones.
Almost 90% of the developer community in Romania speaks English, and many other foreign languages like Russian and German are common in Romania. Brazil is home to roughly 6.18 million fluent English speakers and a government that is working hard to build better technology education infrastructure. Combined with an unusually young workforce – 38.18% of the population is under 24 years old – this makes Brazil an up-and-coming country for outsourcing software development. However, the IT community in Brazil is still relatively young.
Brazilian programmers only scored an average of 71.3% on HackerRank assessments. This makes Brazil a great place to find junior developers but means you will want to look at other countries on this list for more advanced projects. Depending on their location and experience level, Brazilian developers’ salaries range from R24,000 to R132,000.
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